Papers: Numbers 701-800

Besley, Timothy, Stephen Coate & Timothy W. Guinnane. “Understanding the Workhouse Test: Information and Poor Relief in Nineteenth-Century England,” September 1993. (28 pp.)
702 Schultz, T. Paul. “Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns,” August 1993. (70 pp.)
703 Schultz, T. Paul. “Marital Status and Fertility in the United States: Welfare and Labor Market Effects,” September 1993. (39 pp.)
704 Chua, Hak B. & Alberto Ades. “Regional Instability and Economic Growth: Thy Neighbor’s Curse,” October 1993. (38 pp.)
705 Guinnane, Timothy, Abihijit Banerjee & Timothy Besley. “Thy Neighbor’s Keeper: The Design of a Credit Cooperative with Theory and a Test,“ September 1993. (38 pp.)
706 Buiter, Willem H. & Urjit R. Patel. “Indian Public Finance in the 1990s: Challenges and Prospects,” December 1993. (58 pp.)
Schultz, T. Paul. “Human Capital, Family Planning and Their Effects on Population Growth,” January 1994. (58 pp.)
708 Evenson, Robert E., M. Carmen Fernandez & A. Casimiro Herruzo. “Measurement of the Total Factor Productivity of Spanish Agriculture: 1962-1989,“ December 1993. (15 pp.)
Evenson, Robert E. & Larry E. Westphal. “Technological Change and Technology Strategy,” January 1994. (132 pp.)
710 Srinivasan, T.N. & Kenneth Kletzer. “Price Normalization and Equilibria in General Equilibrium Models of International Trade Under Imperfect Competition,” April 1994. (19 pp.)
711 Schultz, T. Paul. “Human Capital and Economic Development,” May 1994. (31 pp.)
712 Ranis, Gustav. “The World Bank Near the Turn of the Century,” October 1994. (30 pp.)
713 Evenson, Robert E. & Douglas Gollin. “Genetic Resources, International Organizations, and Rice Varietal Improvement,” July 1994. (38 pp.)
714 Singh, Lakhwinder. “Productivity, Competitiveness, and Export Growth in a Less Developed Economy: A Study of Indian Punjab,” August 1994. (27 pp.)
715 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Robert J. Barro. “Quality Improvements in Models of Growth,” October 1994. (43 pp.)
716 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. “Regional Cohesion: Evidence and Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence,” October 1994. (46 pp.)
717 Levy, Philip I. “Lobbying and International Cooperation in Tariff Setting,” June 1994. (28 pp.)
Levy, Philip I. “A Political-Economic Analysis of Free Trade Agreements,” June 1994. (36 pp.)
719 Schultz, T. Paul. “Integrated Approaches to Human Resource Development,” January 1995. (33 pp.)
720 Schultz, T. Paul. “Evaluation of Integrated Human Resource Programs,” February 1995. (27 pp.) [In Journal of Econometrics, vol. 77, no. 1, 1997.]
721 Srinivasan, T.N. & Jagdish Bhagwati. “Trade and the Environment: Does Environmental Diversity Detract from the Case for Free Trade?” January 1995. (100 pp.) [In Jagdish Bhagwati and Robert Hudec, eds., Harmonization and Fair Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996.]
722 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Casey B. Mulligan. “A Labor-Income-Based Measure of the Value of Human Capital: An Application to the States of the United States,” December 1994. (61 pp.)
723 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Casey B. Mulligan. “Measuring Aggregate Human Capital,” January 1995. (48 pp.)
724 Ranis, Gustav & Frances Stewart. “V-Goods and the Role of the Urban Informal Sector in Development,” December 1994. (46 pp.)
725 Shiller, Robert J. & Stefano Athanasoulis. “World Income Components: Measuring and Exploiting International Risk Sharing Opportunities,” March 1995. (69 pp.)
Guinnane, Timothy W. & Ronald I. Miller. “The Limits to Land Reform: The Land Acts in Ireland, 1870-1909,” June 1995. (31 pp.) [In Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 43, no. 3, April 1997.]
727 Lanjouw, Jean Olson. “Information and the Operation of Markets: Tests Based on a General Equilibrium Model of Land Leasing in India,” June 1995. (37 pp.)
728 Boozer, Michael & Cecilia Rouse. “Intraschool Variation in Class Size: Patterns and Implications,” May 1995. (43 pp.)
729 Schultz, T. Paul. “Immigrant Quality and Assimilation: A Review of the Literature,” June 1995. (20 pp.) [In Journal of Human Development, vol. 1, no. 1, 2000.]
730 Shiller, Robert J. & Ryan Schneider. “Labor Income Indices Designed for Use in Contracts Promoting Income Risk Management,” August 1995. (38 pp.)
731 Evenson, Robert E. & Germano Mwabu. “Household Composition and Expenditures on Human Capital Formation in Kenya,” August 1995. (58 pp.) [In T. Paul Schultz, ed., Research in Population Economics, Vol. 8. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc., 1996.]
Subramaniam, Ramesh. “Gender-Bias in India: The Importance of Household Fixed-Effects,” September 1995. (31 pp.) [In Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 48, no. 2, April 1996.]
October 1995. (73 pp.)
734 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. “The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis,” June 1995. (37 pp.) [In Economic Journal, vol. 106, no. 437, July 1996.]
735 Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Robert J. Barro. “Technological Diffusion, Convergence, and Growth,” June 1995. (43 pp.)
Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, William H. Dow, Jessica Holmes & Tomas Philipson. “Tetanus, Death and Aerobics: The Evaluation of Disease-Specific Public Health Interventions,” August 1995. (37 pp.)
737 Schultz, T. Paul. “Demand for Children in Low Income Countries,” January 1994. (116 pp.) [In M. R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds., Handbook of Population and Family Economics. Amsterdam: American Elsevier, 1997.]
738 Schultz, T. Paul. & Kofi Benefo. “Fertility and Child Mortality in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana,” August 1995. (50 pp.) [In World Bank Economic Review, vol. 10, no. 1, January 1996.]
739 Dow, William H. “Discrete Choice Estimation of Price-Elasticities: The Benefits of a Flexible Behavioral Model of Health Care Demand,” September 1995. (51 pp.)
Dow, William H. “Unconditional Demand for Curative Health Inputs: Does Selection on Health Status Matter in the Long Run?” September 1995 (49 pp.)
741 Dow, William H. “Welfare Impacts of Health Care User Fees: A Health-Valuation Approach to Analysis with Imperfect Markets,” October 1995. (36 pp.)
Schultz, T. Paul. “Accounting for Public Expenditures on Education: An International Panel Study,” July 1995. (61 pp.) [In T. Paul Schultz, ed., Research in Population Economics, Vol. 8. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc., 1996.]
Schultz, T. Paul. “Aging, Immigration and Women in the Labor Force: Japan Compared to Other OECD Countries,” November 1995. (76 pp.) [In Gustav Ranis, ed., Japan and the United States in the Developing World. San Francisco: International Center for Economic Growth, 1997.]
Mwabu, Germano & T. Paul Schultz. “Education Returns Across Quantiles of the Wage Function: Alternative Explanations for Returns to Education by Race in South Africa,” January 1996. (24 pp.) [In American Economic Review, vol. 86, no. 2, May 1996.]
Ranis, Gustav. “Will Latin America Now Put a Stop to ‘Stop-and-Go’?”   January 1996. (22 pp.) [In Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, vol. 38, no. 2/3, Summer/Fall, 1996.]
Ranis, Gustav. “North-South Conflicts and Their Management,” January 1996. (34 pp.) [In Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy,
vol. 3, no. 1, 1996.]
Lanzona, Leonardo A. “Migration Decisions, Self-Selection and Earnings in Low-Income Philippine Communities,” November 1995. (37 pp.) [In Journal of Development Economics, vol. 56, no. 1, 1998.]
Srinivasan, T.N. & James A. Robinson. “Long-Term Consequences of Population Growth: Technological Change, Natural Resources, and the Environment,” November 1995. (131 pp.) [In M. R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds., Handbook of Population and Family Economics, Amsterdam: North Holland, 1996.]
Goto, Junichi. “The Impact of Migrant Workers on the Japanese Economy: Trickle vs. Flood,” January 1996. (43 pp.)
750 Boozer, Michael & Tomas Philipson. “The Private Demand for Information and the Effects of Public Testing Programs: The Case of HIV,” February 1996. (55 pp.)
751 Fardmanesh, Mohsen & Li Tan. “Price and Trade Liberalization in East European Economies,” December 1995. (38 pp.)
Corsetti, Giancarlo & Lilia Cavallari. “Policy Making and Speculative Attacks in Models of Exchange Rate Crises: A Synthesis,” February 1996. (26 pp.)
December 1995. (26 pp.)
754 Hamada, Koichi & Junichi Goto. “Regional Economic Integration and Article XXIV of the GATT,” February 1996. (45 pp.)
755 Srinivasan, T.N. “The Common External Tariff of a Customs Union: Alternative Approaches,” April 1996. (32 pp.) [In Japan and the World Economy, vol. 9, 1997.] 
Hamada, Koichi. “The Economic Consequences of a Declining Hegemon,” May 1996. (49 pp.)
Schultz, T. Paul & Aysit Tansel. “Wage and Labor Supply Effects of Illness in Côte D’Ivoire and Ghana: Instrumental Variable Estimates for Days Disabled,” March 1996. (43 pp.) [In Journal of Development Economics, vol. 53, 1997.]
758 Ranis, Gustav. “The Trade-Growth Nexus in Taiwan’s Development,” May 1996. (41 pp.)
759 Hamada, Koichi. “Consumers, the Legal System and Product Liability Reform: A Comparative Perspective Between Japan and the United States,“ March 1996. (46 pp.)
760 Fardmanesh, Mohsen. “External Shocks and Structural Adjustments: A Dutch Disease Dynamic Analysis,” June 1996. (25 pp.)
Fardmanesh, Mohsen & Li Tan. “Wage and Price Control Policies in Socialist Transitional Economies,” June 1996. (40 pp.)
762 Ranis, Gustav. “Successes and Failures of Development Experience Since the 1980s,” September 1996. (28 pp.)
763 McLaren, John. “Corruption, Black Markets, and the Fiscal Problem in LDC’s: Some Recent Findings,” July 1996 (22pp.)
764 Hamada, Koichi. “Japan 1968: A Reflection Point During the Era of the Economic Miracle,” August 1996 (42 pp.)
765 Srinivasan, T.N. “Trade and Human Rights,” December 1996 (38 pp.) [In Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern, eds., Constituent Interests and U.S. Trade Policies.  Ann Arbor:   University of Michigan Press, 1998.]
766 McLaren, John. “Supplier Relations and the Market Context: A Theory of Handshakes,” October 1996 (45 pp.)
767 Srinivasan, T.N. “Regionalism and the World Trade Organization: Is Non-Discrimination Passé?” December 1996 (29 pp.)
768 Chase, Robert S. “Women’s Labor Force Participation During and After Communism: A Case Study of the Czech Republic and Slovakia,”  November 1995 (41 pp.)
770 Chase, Robert S. “Markets for Communist Human Capital: Returns to Education and Experience in the Czech Republic and Slovakia,” January 1997. (37 pp.)
771 Evenson, Robert E. “Rice Varietal Improvement and International Exchange of Rice Germplasm,” February 1997. (42 pp.)  [In Prabhu L. Pingali and Mahabub Hossain, eds., Impact of Rice Research.  Manila:  International Rice Research Institute, 1998.]
772 Ranis, Gustav. “The Microeconomics of ‘Surplus Labor’,” February 1997. (24 pp.)
773 Evenson, Robert E. & Wallace B. Huffman. “Long-Run Structural and Productivity Change in U.S. Agriculture:  Effects of Prices and Policies,” June 1997. (37 pp.)
774 Kaneko, Fumihiro. “An Outcome-Oriented Theory of Choice and Empirical Paradoxes in Expected Utility Theory,” May 1997. (66 pp.)
775 Lanjouw, Jean O. “The Introduction of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in India:  Heartless Exploitation of the Poor and Suffering,” August 1997. (53 pp.)
776 Schultz, T. Paul & Germano Mwabu. “Labor Unions and the Distribution of Wages and Employment in South Africa,” September 1997. (51 pp.) [In Industrial and Labor Relations Review, vol. 51, no. 4, July 1998.]
777 Evenson, Robert E. & Lakhwinder Singh. “Economic Growth, International Technological Spillovers and Public Policy:  Theory and Empirical Evidence from Asia,” September 1997. (21 pp.) [In Indian Management Studies Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, 2000.]
Schultz, T. Paul. “Income Inequality in Taiwan 1976-1995:  Changing Family Composition, Aging, and Female Labor Force Participation,” November 1997. (56 pp.) [In Gustav Ranis, Sheng-Cheng Hu and Yun Peng Chu, eds., Political Economy of Taiwan’s Development in the 21st Century:  Essays in Memory of John Fei.  Cheltenham, England:  Edward Elgar Publishers, 1999.]
779 Foley, Mark C. “Determinants of Unemployment Duration in Russia,” August 1997. (39 pp.)
780 Foley, Mark C. “Labor Market Dynamics in Russia,” August 1997. (54 pp.)
781 Foley, Mark C. “Multiple Job Holding in Russia During Economic Transition,” August 1997. (42 pp.)
Brown, Donald J. “Three Lectures on the Walrasian Hypotheses for Exchange Economies,” August 1997. (17 pp.)
783 Srinivasan, T.N. “As the Century Turns:  Analytics, Empirics and Politics of Development,” December 1997. (72 pp.) [In Gustav Ranis, Sheng-Cheng Hu and Yun Pen Chu, eds., Taiwan’s Development in the 21st Century:  Essays in Memory of John Fei. Cheltenham, England:  Edward Elgar Publishers, 1999.]
784 Schultz, T. Paul. “Inequality in the Distribution of Personal Income in the World:  How it is Changing and Why,” January 1998. (65 pp.) [In Journal of Population Economics, vol. 11, no.3, 1998.]
785 Schultz, T. Paul & Germano Mwabu. “Wage Premia for Education and Location, By Gender and Race in South Africa,” February 1998. (63 pp.) [In Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 48, no. 2, 2000.]
786 Ranis, Gustav. “Reflections,” December 1997. (29 pp.)
Ramirez, Alejandro, Gustav Ranis & Frances Stewart. “Economic Growth and Human Development,” December 1997. (47 pp.) [In World Development, vol. 28, no. 2, February 2000.]
788 Lanjouw, Jean O. & Philip I. Levy. “Untitled:  A Study of Formal and Informal Property Rights in Urban Ecuador,” April 1998. (69 pp.)
789 Tansel, Aysit. “Determinants of School Attainment of Boys and Girls in Turkey,” April 1998. (35 pp.) [In Economics of Education Review, 2002, 21:455-70.]
790 Lanzona, Leonardo A. & Robert E. Evenson. “The Effects of Transactions Costs on Labor Market Participation and Earnings:  Evidence from Rural Philippine Markets,” October 1997. (25 pp.)
791 Ghatak, Maitreesh & Timothy W. Guinnane. “The Economics of Lending with Joint Liability:  Theory and Practice,” October 1998. (33 pp.) [In Journal of Development Economics, vol. 60, no. 1, October 1999.]
792 Naranong, Viroj. “Gender, Credit Constraints, and Education in Rural Thailand,” April 1998. (47 pp.)
793 Guinnane, Timothy W. “Population and the Economy in Germany, 1800-1990,” November 1998. (77 pp.) [In Sheilagh Ogilvie and Richard Overy, eds., A New Social and Economic History, Volume III.  London:  Hodder Arnold Publishers, 2003.]
794 Holmes, Jessica. “School Completion in Pakistan:  Analysis of Censoring and Selection Bias,” January 1999. (50 pp.)
Lam, Ricky & Leonard Wantchekon. “Dictatorships as a Political Dutch Disease,” January 1999. (36 pp.)
796 Levy, Philip I. “Sanctions on South Africa:  What Did They Do?” February 1999. (13 pp.) [In The American Economic Review:  Papers and Proceedings, vol. 89, no. 2, May 1999.]
797 Tansel, Aysit. “Public-Private Employment Choice, Wage Differentials and Gender in Turkey,” February 1999. (28 pp.) [In Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2005, 53(2): 453-77.]
798 Evenson, Robert E. & Germano Mwabu. “The Effects of Agricultural Extension on Farm Yields in Kenya,” September 1998. (22 pp.)
799 Sinha, Dipendra. “Export Instability, Investment and Economic Growth in Asian Countries:  A Time Series Analysis,” April 1999. (23 pp.)
800 Takeda, Yosuke. “Interest Rate Smoothing and Time-Varying Premium:  Another Look at Debt Management in Japan,” April 1999. (41 pp.)