Papers: Numbers 901-1000

902 Akresh, Richard, “Risk, Network Quality, and Family Structure:  Child Fostering Decisions in Burkina Faso,” January 2005.   (42 pp.)
903 Schultz, T. Paul, “Productive Benefits of Health:   Evidence from Low-Income Countries,” January 2005.  (30 pp.)
904 Engel, Eduardo, “A Pro-Market Agenda for El Salvador,” January 2005.  (31 pp.)
905 Budra? Lutz, Jonas Scherner, & Jochen Streb, “Demystifying the German ‘Armament Miracle’ During World War II.  New Insights from the Annual Audits of German Aircraft Producers,” January 2005.  (40 pp.)
906 Doss, Cheryl R. & John G. McPeak, “Are Household Production Decisions Cooperative? Evidence on Pastoral Migration and Milk Sales from Northern Kenya,” January 2005. (42 pp.)
907 Guinnane, Timothy W., “Trust:  A Concept Too Many,” February 2005.  (34 pp.)
908 Hamada, Koichi & Asahi Noguchi, “The Role of Preconceived Ideas in Macroeconomic Policy:  Japan’s Experiences in the Two Deflationary Periods,” March 2005.  (58 pp.)
909 Karlan, Dean S., “Using Experimental Economics to Measure Social Capital and Predict Financial Decisions,” April 2005.  (19 pp.)
910 Hamada, Koichi & Shyam Sunder, “Information Asymmetry and the Problem of Transfers in Trade Negotiations and International Agencies,” May 2005.   (35 pp.)
Karlan, Dean S. & Jonathan Zinman, “Observing Unobservables:  Identifying Information Asymmetries with a Consumer Credit Field Experiment,” May 2005.  (57 pp.)  (A revised version has replaced the original discussion paper:  ”Observing Unobservables: Identifying Information Asymmetries with a Consumer Credit Field Experiment,” revised June 17, 2006.)
912 Witoelar, Firman, “Inter-household Allocations within Extended Family:  Evidence from the Indonesia Family Life Survey,” May 2005.  (46 pp.)
913 Karlan, Dean S., “Social Connections and Group Banking,” June 2005.  (39 pp.)
914 Conning, Jonathan & Christopher Udry, “Rural Financial Markets in Developing Countries,” June 2005.  (86 pp.)
915 Endoh, Masahiro, “Cross-Border Donations and Pareto-Efficient Tariffs,” June 2005.  (30 pp.)
916 Ranis, Gustav, Frances Stewart, & Emma Samman, “Human Development:   Beyond the HDI,” June 2005.  (36 pp.)
917 Ashraf, Nava, Dean S. Karlan, & Wesley Yin, “Tying Odysseus to the Mast: Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines,” July 2005.   (40 pp.)
918 Bertrand, Marianne, Dean S. Karlan, Sendhil Mullainathan, Eldar Shafir, and Jonathan Zinman, “What’s Psychology Worth? A Field Experiment in the Consumer Credit Market,” July 2005.  (57 pp.)
919 Brambilla, Irene & Guido G. Porto, “Farm Productivity and Market Structure.  Evidence From Cotton Reforms in Zambia,” July 2005.  (41 pp.)
Szirmai, Adam, Ruoen Ren, & Manyin Bai, “Chinese Manufacturing Performance in Comparative Perspective, 1980-2002,” July 2005.  (71 pp.)
921 Besley, Timothy, Rohini Pande, & Vijayendra Rao, “Political Selection and the Quality of Government:  Evidence from South India,” July 2005.  (42 pp.)
922 Pande, Rohini, “Profits and Politics: Coordinating Technology Adoption in Agriculture,” August 2005.  (26 pp.)
923 Duflo, Esther & Rohini Pande, “Dams,” August 2005.   (55 pp.)
924 Bond, Philip & Rohini Pande, “Coordinating Development:   Can Income-based Incentive Schemes Eliminate Pareto Inferior Equilibria?” October 2005.  (37 pp.)
925 Schultz, T. Paul, “Fertility and Income,” October 2005.  (29 pp.)
926 Karlan, Dean & Jonathan Zinman, “Elasticities of Demand for Consumer Credit,” October 2005.  (42 pp.)  (A revised version has replaced the original discussion paper:  ”Credit Elasticities in Less-Developed Economies:  Implications for Microfinance,” revised December 6, 2006.)
927 Bayer, Patrick, Stephen L. Ross, & Giorgio Topa, “Place of Work and Place of Residence:  Informal Hiring Networks and Labor Market Outcomes,” November 2005.  (35 pp.)
928 Pande Rohini & Christopher Udry, “Institutions and Development:  A View from Below,” November 2005. (59 pp.)
929 Goldstein, Markus & Christopher Udry, “The Profits of Power:  Land Rights and Agricultural Investment in Ghana,” November 2005.  (46 pp.)
Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan, & Wesley Yin, “Deposit Collectors,” December 2005.  (27 pp.)
931 Endoh, Masahiro & Koichi Hamada, “On the Conditions that Preclude the Existence of the Lerner Paradox and the Metzler Paradox,” February 2006.  (17 pp.)
932 Udry, Christopher & Santosh Anagol, “The Return to Capital in Ghana,” March 2006.  (13 pp.)
933 Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Junsen Zhang, “Do Population Control Policies Induce More Human Capital Investment?  Twins, Birthweight, and China’s ‘One Child’ Policy,” March 2006.  (50 pp.)
934 Hale, Galina & Cheryl Long, “What Determines Technological Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment:  Evidence from China,” April 2006.  (31 pp.)  (A revised version has replaced the original discussion paper:  ”Is There Evidence of FDI Spillover on Chinese Firms’ Productivity and Innovation?” revised January 2007.)
935 Schultz, T. Paul, “Does the Liberalization of Trade Advance Gender Equality in Schooling and Health?,” May 2006.  (44 pp.)
936 Gine, Xavier, Pamela Jakiela, Dean Karlan, & Jonathan Morduch, “Microfinance Games,” June 2006.  (46 pp.)  (A revised version has replaced the original discussion paper:  ”Microfinance Games” revised May 1, 2009.)
937 Engel, Eduardo, Ronald Fischer, & Alexander Galetovic, “Renegotiation Without Holdup:  Anticipating Spending and Infrastructure Concessions,” June 2006.  (15 pp.)
938 Ranis, Gustav, “Toward the Enhanced Effectiveness of Foreign Aid,” June 2006.  (19 pp.)
939 Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan, & Wesley Yin, “Household Decision Marking and Savings Impacts:  Further Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines,” June 2006.  (27 pp.)
Gin? Xavier & Dean Karlan, “Group versus Individual Liability:  A Field Experiment from the Philippines,” July 2006.  (38 pp.)
941 Karlan, Dean & Martin Valdivia, “Teaching Entrepreneurship:  Impact of Business Training on Microfinance Clients and Institutions,” July 2006.  (44 pp.)  (A revised version has replaced the original discussion paper:  ”Teaching Entrepreneurship:  Impact of Business Training on Microfinance Clients and Institutions,” revised May 2009.)
942 Ramirez, Miguel D., “A Panel Unit Root and Panel Cointegration Test of the Complementarity Hypothesis in the Mexican Case, 1960-2001,” August 2006.  (28 pp.)
943 Ranis, Gustav & Frances Stewart, “Successful Transition towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth:  Country Studies,” September 2006.  (32 pp.)
944 Suri, Tavneet, “Selection and Comparative Advantage in Technology Adoption,” September 2006.  (35 pp.)
945 Brown, Donald J. & Ravi Kannan, “Two Algorithms for Solving the Walrasian Equilibrium Inequalities,” October 2006.  (9 pp.)
Brown, Donald J., Rahul Deb, & Marten H. Wegkamp, “Tests of Independence in Separable Econometric Models:  Theory and Application,” October 2006.  (26 pp.)
947 Thirumurthy, Harsha, Joshua Graff Zivin, & Markus Goldstein, “The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment:  Labor Supply in Western Kenya,” November 2006.  (47 pp.)
948 Doss, Cheryl, John McPeak, & Christopher Barrett, “Interpersonal, Intertemporal and Spatial Variation in Risk Perceptions:  Evidence from East Africa,” November 2006.  (35 pp.)
949 Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan, & Wesley Yin, “Female Empowerment:  Impact of a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines,” December 2006.  (25 pp.)
950 Ranis, Gustav, “Migration, Trade, Capital and Development:  Substitutes, Complements and Policies,” January 2007.  (16 pp.)
952 Caballero, Ricardo J. & Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, “Price Stickiness in Ss Models:  New Interpretations of Old Results,” February 2007.  (28 pp.)
953 Schultz, T. Paul, “Fertility in Developing Countries,” May 2007.  (10 pp.)
954 Schultz, T. Paul, “Population Policies, Fertility, Women’s Human Capital, and Child Quality,” May 2007.  (54 pp.)
955 Mwabu, Germano, “Health Economics for Low-Income Countries,” May 2007.  (79 pp.)
956 Karlan, Dean & Jonathan Zinman, “Expanding Credit Access: Using Randomized Supply Decisions to Estimate Impacts,” July 2007.  (45 pp.)
957 Engel, Eduardo, Ronald Fischer, & Alexander Galetovic, “sedra2015,” July 2007.  (54 pp.)  (Revised February 2008, 62 pp.)
958 Ranis, Gustav, Frances Stewart, & Emma Samman, “Country Patterns of Behavior on Broader Dimensions of Human Development,” November 2007.  (34 pp.)
959 Guinnane, Timothy, Ron Harris, Naomi R. Lamoreaux, & Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, “Ownership and Control in the Entrepreneurial Firm:  An International History of Private Limited Companies,” December 2007.  (63 pp.)
Engel, Eduardo & Ronald Fischer, “Optimal Resource Extraction Contracts Under Threat of Expropriation,” January 2008.  (31 pp.)
961 Endoh, Masahiro, Koichi Hamada, & Koji Shimomura, “Can a Preferential Trade Agreement Benefit Neighbor Countries without Compensating Them?,” January 2008.  (30 pp.)
962 Guinnane, Timothy W. & Sheilagh Oglivie, “Institutions and Demographic Responses to Shocks:  Wuerttemberg, 1634-1870,” March 2008. (62 pp.)
963 Mwabu, Germano, “The Production of Child Health in Kenya: A Structural Model of Birth Weight,” June 2008. (38 pp.)
964 Munshi, Kaivan & Mark Rosenzweig, “The Efficacy of Parochial Politics: Caste, Commitment, and Competence in Indian Local Governments,” September 2008.  (47 pp.)
965 Li, Hongbin, Mark Rosenzweig, & Junsen Zhang, “Altruism, Favoritism, and Guilt in the Allocation of Family Resources: Sophie’s Choice in Mao’s Mass Send Down Movement,” September 2008.  (42 pp.)
966 Ploeckl, Florian, “Borders, Market Size and Urban Growth, The Case of Saxon Towns and the Zollverein in the 19th Century,” December 2008.  (62 pp.)
967 Ashraf, Nava, Xavier Gin? & Dean Karlan, “Finding Missing Markets (and a disturbing epilogue): Evidence from an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention in Kenya,” December 2008.  (39 pp.)
968 Bertrand, Marianne, Dean Karlan, Sundhil Mullainathan, Eldar Shafir, & Jonathan Zinman, “What’s Advertising Content Worth?  Evidence from a Consumer Credit Marketing Field Experiment,” January 2009.  (34 pp.)
969 Hahn, Jinyong, Keisuke Hirano, & Dean Karlan, “Adaptive Experimental Design Using the Propensity Score,” January 2009; revised July 22, 2009.  (28 pp.)
971 Carruthers, Bruce G., Timothy W. Guinnane, & Yoonseok Lee, “Bringing ‘Honest Capital’ to Poor Borrowers: The Passage of the Uniform Small Loan Law, 1907-1930,” May 2009.  (41 pp.)
972 Chabot, Benjamin & Christopher Kurz, “That’s Where the Money Was: Foreign Bias and English Investment Abroad, 1866-1907,” June 2009.  (34 pp.)
973 Karlan, Dean, “Cairo Evaluation Clinic:  Thoughts on Randomized Trials for Evaluations of Development,” June 2009.  (9 pp.)
974 Schultz, T. Paul, “Population and Health Policies,” July 2009.  (99 pp.)
975 Ranis, Gustav, “Economics, Area Studies and Human Development,” July 2009.  (11 pp.)
976 Karlan, Dean & Jonathan Zinman, “Expanding Microenterprise Credit Access: Using Randomized Supply Decisions to Estimate the Impacts in Manila,” July 2009. (35 pp.)
977 Ranis, Gustav, “Diversity of Communities and Economic Development:  An Overview,” September 2009; revised October 2010.  (17 pp.)
978 Guinnane, Timothy W. & Jochen Streb, “Moral Hazard in a Mutual Health-Insurance System: German Knappschaften, 1867-1914,” September 2009.  (53 pp.)
979 Schultz, T. Paul, “The Gender and Generational Consequences of the Demographic Transition and Population Policy:  As Assessment of the Micro and Macro Linkages,” October 2009.  (27 pp.)
Bryan, Gharad, Dean Karlan, & Scott Nelson, “Commitment Contracts,” October 2009. (37 pp.)
981 Fenske, James, “Does Land Abundance Explain African Institutions?” November 2009.  (62 pp.)
982 Fardmanesh, Mohsen & Li Tan, “Structural Change in Transition Economies:  Does Foreign Aid Matter?” December 2009.  (23 pp.)
983 Rosenzweig, Mark R., “Global Wage Inequality and the International Flow of Migrants,” January 2010.  (32 pp.)
984 Foster, Andrew D. & Mark R. Rosenzweig, “Microeconomics of Technology Adoption,” January 2010.  (43 pp.)
985 Rosenzweig, Mark R., “Microeconomic Approaches to Development:  Schooling, Learning, and Growth,” March 2010.  (16 pp.)
Atkin, David, “Trade, Tastes and Nutrition in India,” April 2010. (83 pp.)
987 Guinnane, Timothy W. & Susana Martinez-Rodriguez, “Did the Cooperative Start Life as a Joint-Stock Company?  Business Law and Cooperatives in Spain, 1869-1931,” June 2010. (34 pp.)
988 Karlan, Dean, Margaret McConnell, Sendhil Mullainathan, & Jonathan Zinman, “Getting to the Top of Mind: How Reminders Increase Saving,” July 2010.  (40 pp.)
989 Pitt, Mark M., Mark R. Rosenzweig, & Nazmul Hassan, “Human Capital Investment and the Gender Division of Labor in a Brawn-Based Economy,” September 2010.  (55 pp.)
Guinnane, Timothy W., “The Historical Fertility Transition:  A Guide for Economists,” October 2010.  (42 pp.)
991 Foster, Andrew D. & Mark R. Rosenzweig, “Is There Surplus Labor in Rural India?,” October 2010.  (48 pp.)
992 Horii, Ryo & Masako Ikefuji, “Natural Disasters in a Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth,” November 2010.  (39 pp.)
993 Barnes, Geoffrey & Timothy W. Guinnane, “Social Class and the Fertility Transition:  A Critical Comment on the Statistical Results Reported in Simon Szreter’s Fertility, Class and Gender in Britain, 1860-1940,” November 2010.  (21 pp.)
994 Adhvaryu, Achyuta & Nyshadham, Anant, “Healthcare Choices, Information and Health Outcomes,” March 2011.  (60 pp.)
995 Adhvaryu, Achyuta & Nyshadham, Anant, “Labor Supply, Schooling and the Returns to Healthcare in Tanzania,” March 2011. (34 pp.)
996 Adhvaryu, Achyuta & Nyshadham, Anant, “Labor Complementarities and Health in the Agricultural Household,” March 2011 (58 pp.)
997 Weese, Eric  ”Political Mergers as Coalition Formation,” April 2011. (46 pp.)
998 Adhvaryu, Achyuta & Nyshadham, Anant, “Endowments and Investments within the Household: Evidence from Iodine Supplementation in Tanzania,” June 2011. (47 pp.)
999 Agir, Seven, “The Evolution of Grain Policy beyond Europe: Ottoman Grain Administration in the Late Eighteenth Century,” June 2011. (37 pp.)
1000 Adhvaryu, Achyuta, “Learning, Misallocation, and Technology Adoption: Evidence from New Malaria Therapy in Tanzania,” September 2011. (35 pp.)